Brussels farming is a slow-growing but bountiful crop. However, planting brussels sprout out of seed requires a very long, cool growing season. Therefore, timing is significant when growing brussels sprouts.
In the procedure of growing brussels sprouts, farmers need the most equipment and a tractor is one of them. Therefore, we recommend the New Holland 3600 tractor. Other than this, rotavator, cultivator, and tillage are also important equipment in the farming process.
Growing Procedure for Brussels Sprouts
- In most areas, it is good to plant brussels sprouts so that they come to harvest in autumn.
- Begin sowing seeds indoors 12 to 14 weeks before the first frost in autumn to harvest after the first frost.
- Plant brussels sprouts in autumn or late summer for winter or cool spring harvest in mild-winter regions.
- Depending on the variety, brussels sprouts mature 80 to 90 days after transplanting and 100 to 110 days after sowing.
- Time planting so that Brussels does not develop throughout warm weather exceeding 70 degrees.
Where to Plant Brussels Sprouts
- Brussels farming grows best in well-drained soil with fertile compost. Add 6 or more inches (15 cm) of old compost or commercial organic planting mix to the planting beds before planting .until the soil is 12 inches (30 cm) deep.
- Heavy clay, not light sandy soil, is most suitable for Brussels farming.
- Brussels sprouts prefer soil’ pH between 6.0 to 6.8. If clubroot disease has been an obstacle in the past, add lime to adjust the soil to 7.0 or slightly higher.
- Avoid sowing brussels sprouts in the same spot for two years in a row. Crop rotation is essential to prevent soil nutrient deficiencies and soil-borne diseases.
Planting Time of Brussels Farming
- Plant brussels sprout to be harvested in cooler climates. The perfect time to harvest brussels sprouts is in the autumn after the first fall frost.
- To determine the most suitable time to plant brussels sprout, estimate the first fall frost date, then count the number of days to maturity for the variety you’re growing.
- Sow seeds directly in the garden 10 – 12 weeks before the first average frost date.
- Time to plant so that the harvest is about 2 weeks after the first frost.
- The normal average temperature range for brussels sprout growth is 60 to 65°F (15-18°C). However, temperatures over 70°F (21°C) can cause brussels sprout to bolt and go to seed.
- Brussels sprouts reach maturity 80 – 90 days after transplanting and 100 to 110 days after sowing.
- Mature brussels sprouts are not suitable for temperatures higher than 80°F (26°C). The constant hot temperature will give brussels sprouts a bitter taste and cause their tangy cabbage-like heads to crack open.
Brussels Sprouts Planting and Spacing
- Sow brussels sprout inch (6-12 mm) deep from seed.
- In flats or containers, sow seeds 2 inches (5 cm) apart. Farmers can transplant it into the garden when the plants are 5 to 7 inches (12-17 cm)
- Thin or space plants 24 to 30 inches (61-76 cm) apart in the garden. Space rows 30 – 36 inches (76-91cm) apart.
- Leggy transplants or crooked stems can be planted up to their first leaves so that they are not over-heavy.
- Be sure to firm the soil throughout brussels sprout to be well rooted and anchored as they mature.
- Plant 1 – 2 plants per person in the house.
Container Growing Brussels Sprouts
- Grow a single plant 12 inches (30 cm.) wide and deep or in a larger container.
- In larger containers, allow 24 – 30 inches (61-76 cm) between plants.
- Keep the soil evenly moist.
- Feed the plants with compost tea or diluted fish emulsion solution every three weeks.
Water Requirement in Brussels Farming
- Keep the soil around brussels sprout moist. Water at the base of the plants.
- Brussels Farming need 1 inch (16 gallons/60.5 litres) of water per week or more.
- Add mulch around the plants during the summer to slow the evaporation of soil moisture and keep the soil cool.
- Shade the plants if the weather is hotter than 70°F (21°C).
- As brussels sprout near maturity, reduce watering.
Farming requires several kinds of equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Therefore, implements, harvesters and tractors are the main equipment in Brussels farming. Hence, we recommend the New Holland 3230 Tractor, which is better for increasing efficiency in the field.
For the above information regarding the brussels sprouts farming Business, stay tuned with us.