Sweet potato counted in the category of tuber-class crops. Its plant develops both inside and outside the ground. Its plant spreads outside the ground in the form of a vine and develops. The most significant production of sweet potatoes done in China, which used in many ways in food. Sweet potato used as a vegetable. Apart from this, people also eat them by roasting and boiling them in large quantities. Its taste is very delicious when roasted and eaten.
Sweet potatoes cultivated like a potato crop. However, sweet potatoes contain more starch and sweeteners than potatoes. Apart from this, vitamins found in plenty in sweet potatoes. Moreover, sweet potatoes act as the main fertilizer crop in arid regions. Sweet potato considered helpful for the human body in many ways. By eating it, there is also an increase in shine and hair growth on the face. Apart from this, its use is very beneficial in heart disease.
The tropical climate considered suitable for the cultivation of sweet potatoes. Sandy loam soil is most appropriate for the cultivation of sweet potatoes. Sweet potatoes can cultivated successfully in areas with an altitude of up to 1600 meters above sea level. The Winter season is less useful for its cultivation. Light acidic soils are suitable for the cultivation of sweet potatoes. The cultivation of sweet potato is considered to be excellent yielding cultivation for the farmers.
If you also want to earn a good profit by cultivating sweet potatoes, then today we will give you complete information about its cultivation.
Suitable Soil for Cultivation of Sweet Potato
For the cultivation of sweet potatoes, fertile land with proper drainage is required. But to get good production commercially, it considered good to grow it in sandy loam soil. Sweet potato should not cultivated in waterlogged, rugged and rocky land because its tubers do not develop well in this type of land. To increase the sweetness and quality of sweet potato, it should grown in slightly acidic soil. For this, the pH of the land. The value should be between 5.8 to 6.8.
Climate and Temperature for Cultivation of Sweet Potato
Tropical and subtropical climates considered suitable for the cultivation of sweet potatoes. In India, it can cultivated generally in all three seasons of the year. But while growing commercially, it should grown only in the summer or rainy season. Its plants grow well in the summer and rainy seasons. However, its plants do not develop well in winter because the frost that falls in winter is considered unusable for its cultivation. In India, it mainly grown more in Central India. An average of 80 to 100 cm of rainfall is deemed to be sufficient for its cultivation.
Sweet potato tubers need a temperature of around 22 degrees to germinate in the beginning. After germination, a temperature between 25 to 30 degrees is considered suitable for developing sweet potato plants. Its plants can tolerate a maximum temperature of 35 degrees in summer. But during this time, irrigation of plants is more needed.
Improved Varieties of Sweet Potato
There are many improved varieties of sweet potatoes, which have been prepared based on their colour and production. Based on the colour of the tubers, three species are found. The colour of whose tubers are found to be yellow, red and white.
- ST 14
- Bhu Krishna
- ST 13
- Punjab Sweet Potato 21
- Pusa White
- Rajendra Sweet Potato
- Pusa Red
- Pusa Suhawani
- H- 268
- class 4
- CO- 1, 2
- Jawahar Sweet Potato – 145
- H- 41
- Bhuvan Sankar
Farm Preparation for Sweet Potato
For the cultivation of sweet potatoes, the soil must be clean and friable. For this, in the beginning, at the time of preparation of the field, destroy the remains of old crops present in the field. And do deep ploughing with ploughs that turn the soil of the field. A powerful tractor and the richest quality rotavator can be helpful for this type of operation. However, you should find the rotavator price as reasonable as you can without compromising the power.
After that, leave the field open for a few days so that the pests of soil-borne diseases present in the soil destroyed. After that, in the form of organic manure in the field, put an appropriate amount of old cow dung manure or other organic manure in the area and mix it well in the soil. To mix the manure in the soil, plough the field two to three times diagonally through the cultivator.
After ploughing, pulverize the field by running water. And after three to four days of ploughing, when the top surface of the soil appears slightly dry, plough the field and run the rotavator in it once again. Due to this, the ground of the area starts appearing friable. After that, make it flat by running a pat in the field so that the land does not face problems like water logging during rains.
Sweet potatoes planted in flat land by making beds. For this, after ploughing and levelling the field correctly, beds prepared to keep proper distance in the area. During this, there should a distance of around two feet between each of the buns.
Yield and Profit
The average crop per hectare of different varieties of sweet potato found to around 25 tonnes. At the same time, its market price found to around Rs 10 per kg. Therefore, if the farmer brother gets its price of Rs.6 per kg, then according to this, the farmer brother can easily earn from one hectare to 1.25 lakh at a time.
There are several types of farm implements available in the Indian farming sector. For example, a harvester, which used for harvesting operations and others. The harvester price is also good in the market.
Stay with us to find more information regarding farming and others.