Individual trauma results from an incident, sequence of events, or a set of circumstances that the individual perceives as emotionally or physically harmful or even threatening. It may have long-lasting adverse effects on the person’s performance and physical, social, emotional well-being. Trauma therapy can help in Trauma related problems.
There are three kinds of trauma: acute, chronic, or Complex.
- Acute trauma is the result of one incident.
- Chronic trauma can be repeated and extended, like the abuse of a spouse or family member.
- Complex trauma involves being exposed to multiple and diverse traumatizing experiences, most of which are inflicting or interpersonal.
Childhood trauma typically is the term used to describe the experiences that children experience between the ages of 0 to 6. Children may experience a variety of types of trauma, including:
- Natural disasters
- Sexual assault
- Physical abuse
- Domestic violence
- Medical injury, illness, or procedures
- Community violence
- Neglect, deprivation
- Traumatic grief
- Victims of crime
- School violence
The effects of trauma and Brain Development
Research has proven that children are especially susceptible to Psychological trauma due to their rapidly developing brains. When trauma experiences occur, a child’s brain is stressed to the max, and hormones associated with fear are stimulated. However, stress is a regular aspect of life, but when a child has been subject to ongoing trauma such as neglect or abuse, the child’s brain remains in this state of heightened alertness. Being in this state can alter the child’s behavioral, emotional, and cognitive function to sustain and enhance lifelong survival. In time, these traumatizing events can profoundly influence the child’s behavior and emotional development, and physical and mental health.
Let’s look closer at the three primary kinds of trauma.
The trauma experienced arises from a single sad or risky incident. The incident can threaten the individual’s physical or emotional safety. The event leaves a lasting impact that can alter how the person behaves and thinks.
The acute symptoms of trauma are typical:
- Panic or anxiety that is over the top.
- Shock or denial
- Feelings of sadness, guilt feelings of guilt, sadness, or grief
- Insomnia or nightmares
- Feeling disconnected
- Insufficient trust
- Inability to concentrate on studies or work
- Inadequate self-care or personal hygiene
- Extremely aggressive behavior
The second is chronic trauma therapy that results from prolonged and repeated exposure to highly stressful situations. Chronic trauma could result from chronic disease, sexual abuse, bullying, domestic violence, and even subjection to extreme circumstances. Many trauma-related incidents and not treated trauma could turn into chronic trauma. The signs of chronic trauma could manifest years after the event occurred. These symptoms may include uncontrollable emotional outbursts and anxiety, flashbacks, extreme anger, tiredness, body aches, and headaches as well as nausea. There are also trust issues that could be present, leading to unstable relationships and instability working.
Additionally, complex trauma can result from exposure to multiple trauma incidents or experiences. Bad experiences in interpersonal relationships trigger the majority of these events. Complex traumas can have devastating effects on the individual’s mental health. That is often experienced by those who have suffered child abuse, neglect or family conflict, domestic violence, or other repeated situations. Trauma-related stress can impact people’s relationships and performance at school or work.
The following information will help you assess and treat the emotional trauma of children who have experienced trauma.
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network states that “children who suffer from traumatic stress-related symptoms typically cannot regulate their behavior and feelings. They might be anxious and scared of new experiences and easily scared, hard to calm, or violent or aggressive or. They may have trouble sleeping and may lose newly acquired developmental abilities, and exhibit a decline in their behavior and functioning.”
Children suffering trauma must be identified and treated. It is recommended that trauma-stricken children be treated. National Child Traumatic Stress Network provides tools for mental health professionals, early childhood specialists, and primary care physicians to assist in identifying, assessing, and managing children suffering from traumatic stress.
If confronted by trauma, an individual may react in various ways. They could be in anxiety, sadness, or denial. The APA found that some people have chronic reactions. For instance, people may have flashbacks, unpredictable emotions, or strained relationships—even physical signs.
In addition, those who have had a problematic incident may struggle to process their experience and may have difficulties navigating their lives. If the symptoms are persistent and don’t decrease in intensity, it could signify that the trauma has turned to become a mental health issue known as Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).